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紧急医疗

2017-06-29
点击数:13085     作者:北华大学附属医院

紧急医疗救护常识

    (一)如何开展急救急救

    XIANCHANGCHULIDESHOUYAORENWUSHIQIANGJIUSHENGMING、JIANSHAOSHANGYUANTONGKU、JIANSHAOHEYUFANGSHANGQINGJIAZHONGJIFASHENGBINGFAZHENG,ZHENGQUEERXUNSUDIBASHANGBINGYUANZHUANSONGDAOYIYUAN。

    1.急救步骤

    (1)BAOJING。YIDANFASHENGRENYUANSHANGWANG,BUYAOJINGHUANGSHICUO,MASHANGBODA120JIJIUDIANHUABAOJING。

电竞投注    (2)DUISHANGBINGYUANJINXINGBIYAODEXIANCHANGCHULI。

    ①XUNSUPAICHUZHIMINGHEZHISHANGYINSU。RUBANKAIYAZAISHENSHANGDEZHONGWU,CHELIZHONGDUXIANCHANG,RUGUOSHIYIWAICHUDIAN,YINGLIJIQIEDUANDIANYUAN;QINGCHUSHANGBINGYUANKOUBINEIDENISHA、OUTUWU、XUEKUAIHUOQITAYIWU,BAOCHIHUXIDAOTONGCHANGDENG。

    ②JIANCHASHANGYUANDESHENGMINGTEZHENG。JIANCHASHANGBINGYUANHUXI、XINTIAO、MAIBOQINGKUANG。RUWUHUXIHUOXINTIAOTINGZHI,YINGJIUDILIKEKAIZHANXINFEIFUSU。

电竞投注    ③ZHIXUE。YOUCHUANGSHANGCHUXUEZHE,YINGXUNSUBAOZHAZHIXUE。ZHIXUECAILIAOYIJIUDIQUCAI,KEYONGJIAYABAOZHA、SHANGZHIXUEDAIHUOZHIYAZHIXUEDENG。RANHOUJIANGSHANGBINGYUANJINKUAISONGWANGYIYUAN。

    ④RUYOUFUQIANGZANGQITUOCHUHUOLUNAOZUZHIPENGCHU,KEYONGGANJINGMAOJIN、RUANBULIAOHUOTANGCIWANDENGJIAYIBAOHU。

电竞投注    ⑤YOUGUZHEZHEYONGMUBANDENGLINSHIGUDING。

    ⑥SHENZHIHUNMIZHE,WEIMINGLEBINGYINQIAN,ZHUYIXINTIAO、HUXI、LIANGCETONGKONGDAXIAO。YOUSHEHOUZHUIZHE,YINGJIANGSHETOULACHUHUOYONGBIEZHENCHUANCIGUDINGZAIKOUWAI,FANGZHIZHIXI。

电竞投注    (3)XUNSUERZHENGQUEDIZHUANYUNSHANGBINGYUAN。ANBUTONGDESHANGQINGHEBINGQING,ANBINGQINGDEQINGZHONGHUANJIXUANZESHIDANGDEGONGJUJINXINGZHUANYUN。YUNSONGTUZHONGYINGSUISHIGUANZHUSHANGBINGYUANDEBINGQINGBIANHUA。

    2.受伤简易处理办法

    CHUXUE:KEYIBASHENSHANGDEYIFUSICHENGBUPIAN,DUICHUXUEDESHANGKOUJINXINGJUBUJIAYAZHIXUE。

    GUZHE:XIANCHANGKEYIZHAOKUAIXIAOJIABAN、SHUZHIDENGWU,DUIHUANZHIJINXINGBAOZHAGUDING。

    TOUBUCHUANGSHANG:BASHANGZHEDETOUPIANXIANGYIBIAN,BUYAOYANGZHE,YINWEIZHEIYANGHUIYINQIOUTU,JIYIZAOCHENGSHANGZHEZHIXI。

电竞投注    FUBUCHUANGSHANG:JIANGGANJINGRONGQIKOUZAIFUBISHANGCHU,FANGZHIFASHENGFUQIANGGANRAN。

    HUXIXINTIAOTINGZHI:JISHIDUISHANGZHEJINXINGKOUDUIKOUDERENGONGHUXI,BINGJINXINGJIANDANDEXIONGWAIANYA。

(二)心肺复苏

    1.什么是心肺复苏

电竞投注    DUIHUXIXINTIAOTINGZHIDEJIZHENGWEIZHONGBINGRENSUOZUODEQIANGJIUZHILIAOJIAOZUOXINFEIFUSU。XINFEIFUSUDEMUDESHIKAIFANGQIDAO、ZHONGJIANHUXIHEXUNHUAN。RENMENZHIYOUCHONGFENLEJIEXINFEIFUSUDEZHISHIBINGJIESHOUGUOCIFANGMIANDEXUNLIANHOUCAIKEYIWEITARENSHISHIXINFEIFUSU。

    XINFEIFUSU = (QINGLIHUXIDAO) + RENGONGHUXI + XIONGWAIANYA + HOUXUDEZHUANYEYONGYAO

    2.心肺复苏的对象

    ZHUYAOSHIYIWAISHIJIANZHONGXINTIAOHEHUXITINGZHIDEBINGREN,ERFEIXINFEIGONGNENGSHUAIJIEHUOJUEZHENGZHONGQIBINGHUAN。ZAINISHUI、CHEHUO、LEIJI、CHUDIAN、DUQI、YAOWUZHONGDU、SHUAISHANGDENGSHIJIANZHONGZHIYAOHUANZHEHUOSHANGZHEYITINGZHIHUXI、XINTIAO,JIUYINGZAIDIYISHIJIANQIANGJIU(ZUIHAOZAI4FENZHONGYINEIKAISHI)。

    3.心肺复苏的目的

    BINGBUSHIYIBINGRENDEXIANCHANGJIJIUSUXINGWEIWEIYICHENGBAIMUBIAO,ZHUYAOMUDEZAIYUSHIBINGRENDENAOXIBAOYINYOUYANGCHIXUGONGYINGERBUZHIHUAISI。

    4.心肺复苏急救步骤

    (1)KANDAOBINGREN,XIANJIANCHAYISHI(PAIJIAN、CHAWENZENMELE)。

电竞投注    ZHUYI

    ·ZAIPANDUANBINGRENYISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,PAIYAOJIANBUXIASHOUBUYAOTAIZHONG,YIMIANZAOCHENGBINGRENYOUGUZHEERJIAZHONGBINGQING。

电竞投注    ·QIARENZHONGXUEDESHIJIANBUYAOTAIZHANG。

电竞投注    ·PANDUANBINGRENYISHIDESHIJIANBUNENGCHAOGUO5MIAOZHONG,YIMIANYANWUJIUZHUSHIJIAN。

    (2)QUEDINGBINGRENMEIYOUYISHI,GANKUAIXUNQIUHOUXUZHICHI(HANJIUMINGA,QINGBIERENBANGMANGDADIANHUA120,HUJIAOJIUHUCHE)。

电竞投注    (3)DIAOZHENGBINGRENTIWEI。SHIBINGRENPINGTANGYUYINGDISHANG。

    (4)CHANGTONGHUXIDAO(YISHOUZHANGXIAYABINGRENQIANE,LINGYISHOUMUZHIYUSHIZHICHENGSHOUQIANGXINGTAIXIABA)。

    (5)KAN、TING、GANYOUWUHUXI。KANBINGRENXIONGBUYOUWUQIFU,YIERDUOTIEJINBINGRENKOUBI,TINGYOUWUHUXISHENG,YILIANJIAGANJUEYOUWUCHUQI。

电竞投注    (6)JIANCHABINGRENMAIBO。YONGSHIZHIJIZHONGZHIZHAODAOBINGRENJINGBUZHONGYANGWEIZHIHOULONGCHU,YANZHEYICEXIAHUA1.5~2LIMICHU,WEIYALAIGANJUEBINGRENSHIFOUYOUMAIBO。

电竞投注    (7)RUOWUMAIBO,ZEXUKAIZHANXIONGWAIANYA。

  5.胸外按压操作步骤

    

电竞投注    ZHENGQUEDEXIONGWAIANYAWEIZHI:

    YOUBINGRENDEXIONGBU(JINSHIJIUZHECE),ZHAOXUNLEIGUXIAYUAN,YANLEIGUYUANXIANGSHANGHUADONG,ZHILEIGUYUXIONGGUJIAOHUIDEXIONGWOCHU,JIWEIANYAWEIZHI。

    

    JIANGZHONGZHIZHIYUXINWOCHU,SHIZHIJINKAOZHONGZHI,ZHIYUXIONGGUSHANGDINGWEI。

    

电竞投注    JIANGLINGYIZHANGDEZHANGGENJINKAOZAIYIDINGWEIDESHIZHIPANG,SHIZHANGGENDEWEIZHIZHENGHAOFANGZAIXIONGGUDEZHONGXIANSHANG。

    

    ZHANGGENFANGHAOWEIZHIHOU,LINGYISHOUZHONGDIEYUQISHANG。

    

电竞投注    JIANGLIANGSHOUDESHOUZHIHUKOUHUOQIAOQI,YIMIANYAPOLEIGUZAOCHENGGUZHE。

    YOUGUANJIEYANZHEWEITARENSHIXINGXIONGWAIANYASHI,SHIJIUZHEYIZHAOTUYI、ER、SANDEZUOFA,YISHOUZHANGGENFANGHAOWEIZHIHOU,YILINGYISHOUJINWOCISHOUDESHOUWANBU。

电竞投注    DINGWEIXIONGWAIANYADEWEIZHIXIAOJUEQIAO:

电竞投注    JIUZHUZHEWEIYUBINGRENYOUCE,JIANGYOUSHOUZHANGPINGSHEN,SHOUZHIJINTIEBINGRENHOUBUBINGZHIXIANGHOUBU,PINGFANGBINGRENXIONGQIAN,DAYUEZHANGGENSUOZAIWEIZHIJIWEIANYADEDIFANG。ZHEIYANGJIANGSHOUZHANGXIANGWAIXUANZHUAN90DU,ZUOSHOUDIEFANGZAIDINGWEIDESHOUSHANG,LIANGZHISHOUJIAOCHA,SHOUZHIQIAOQI,JINXINGANYA。

    

电竞投注    SHIJIUZHEMIANXIANGBINGRENGUIZHE,LIANGTUIDAKAI,YUJIANTONGKUAN,JIANBANGZAISHANGHUANXIONGGUDEZHENGSHANGFANG,SHUANGBEISHENZHI,YONGTIZHONGDELILIANG,ZHIJIEXIAYA,YALITUIZHIXIONGGUSHANG。

    

    MEICIXIAYASHI,YINGJIANGXIONGGUYAXIA4~5LIMI,FANGSONGSHI,SHOUBUSHIYALI,DANBUKEYIDONGSHOUDEWEIZHI。

YIFENZHONGHOU

    

    JINXINGXIONGWAIANYAYURENGONGHUXI:

    XIANLIANXU15CIANYAHOU,JIEZHE2CIRENGONGHUXI。

    ZHU:ANYASUDU80~100XIA/FENZHONG,RENGONGHUXIMEI5MIAOYICI。MEICIANYADOUYAOSHUSHUYIPEIHEANYASUDU,KOUJUE:YIXIA——SHIXIA,NIAN“YI”SHISHOUXIAYA,NIAN“XIA”SHISHOUFANGSONG,NIAN“ER”SHISHOUXIAYA,NIAN“XIA”SHISHOUFANGSONG,RUCIJIAOHUNIANZHI10XIA。SHIYI,“SHI”YA,“YI”SONG,“SHI”YA,“ER”SONG……ZHEIYANGNIANDAOSHIWU。

    

    YUEYIFENZHONGHOU(RU8ZHONGFUSICI),JIANCHAMAIBODEYOUWU。

电竞投注    RUO

     

    注意

电竞投注    ·BIXUQUEDINGBINGRENYIJINGSHIQUZHIJUE,CAIKESHISHIXINFEIFUSU。

    ·SHIJIUZHUYITUOLIWEIXIANQUYU。

电竞投注    ·BINGRENDETIWEIYAOCHUYUYANGWOWEI。XUWEIYUYINGBANCHUANGHUODIMIANSHANG,YIQUEBAOANYASHIBINGRENBUYAODONG。

    ·KOUDUIKOURENGONGHUXISHICHUIQILIANGYINGSHICHENGNIANRENSHENHUXIZHENGCHANGLIANG。

电竞投注    ·ZHUYIBAOCHIBINGRENDEHUXIDAOTONGCHANG。ZHUYIQINGCHUHUXIDAOZHONGDEFENMIWU、NISHADENG。YOUXIEBINGRENSHEHOUJU,DUZHUQIDAO,YINGGAIBASHETOULACHULAI。

电竞投注    ·RUOBINGRENDAIYOUJIAYA,RENGONGHUXIQIANYINGQUXIA。

    ·YINGYOUERKOUBIBIJIAOJIEJIN,ZUIHAOJIANGYINGYOUERKOUBIYIQIBAOHANJINXINGRENGONGHUXI。

电竞投注    ·ZUORENGONGHUXIQIAN,WEIFANGZHIJIBINGCHUANRAN,KEYONGSHOUPA、ZHIJINDENGFUZAIBINGRENZUISHANGJINXINGGELI。

电竞投注    ·ANYADEZISHI。SHUANGBEISHENZHI,SHIYONGSHENTIDEZHONGLIANGJUNYUNDIANYA。ANYAYAOYOUGUILV,BUYAOZUOYOUYAOBAI,YEBUYAOCHONGJISIDEANYA。ANYADEPINLVCHENGRENSHI100CI/FENZHONG,ANYADELIDUJIUSHIXIONGGUXIAXIAN4~5LIMI。

    ·XIONGWAIXINZANGANYAYINGYURENGONGHUXITONGBUJINXING。XIANZUO2CIRENGONGHUXI,ZAIZUO15CIANYA,RUCILEITUI。

    ·SHIXINGJIJIU,XUYIZHIZUODAOYOUHUXIJIYOUMAIBOHUOHOUXUZHICHIDAODAWEIZHI。

    ·RUHUANZHEYISHIYIQINGXING,CAIQUCESHENXIUXIZISHI,DENGDAIHOUXUZHICHIDAODAHUOSONGYIZHILIAO。

    ·MEIYOUJINGYANDERENSHIQIANWANBUYAOSUIBIANWEITARENZUOXINFEIFUSU。

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